Wetenschap - 26 augustus 2011

PPO apple study featured in climate atlas

The hot-off-the-press climate atlas 'Bosatlas van het Klimaat' has taken a leaf out of Wageningen: the apple trees of PPO Fruit blossom in tune with the climate.

Golden_Delicious_1955-2010_-_Randwijk_PPO.jpg
Golden_Delicious_1955-2010_-_Randwijk_PPO.jpg

Foto: .

This is shown by research done by Linda Rohnstock, a student. She studied the influence of weather and climate on fruit blossoms, explains her supervisor Arnold van Vliet of Environmental System Analysis. For this, a long-term set of data from PPO Fruit came in handy.
Mirror image
Rohnstock plotted the blossoming data of the Golden Delicious apple from 1955 to 2010 in a graph. The same graph also shows the average temperature from February to April in these years. Both these lines are perfect mirror images, says Van Vliet. The warmer it was, the earlier the apple trees blossomed.
Warming-up
The graph is featured on page 27 (Chapter 2, Temperature) of the Atlas of the Climate, compiled jointly by the Dutch meteorological institute KNMI and publisher Wolters Noordhof. The Golden Delicious at PPO blossomed already in the first week of April in 1990. The average temperature in spring of that year was eight degrees Celsius. The graph clearly shows the effect of warming-up in the last decades: apple tree blossoms have appeared about three weeks earlier than before.

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