Emergency relief for refugees receives attention from politicians and media, but their attention decreases the longer conflicts linger. More than a million Afghan refugees are still waiting in Pakistani refugee camps to return to their home country. After the Russian occupation ended and the mujahedeen started fighting each other, most of the relief donors withdrew from the camps. WAU student Rien van der Toorn studied the performance of the American International Rescue Committee (IRC), which is still there. After the IRC budget was cut, the committee lacked money for medicine, but the refugees still make intensive use of the IRC-facilities. Van der Toorn found that 77 percent of the refugees have work near the camps or receive money from abroad. Not all refugees are in a pitiful state and donors should direct their relief towards promoting self-sufficiency much more quickly, says the WAU student.
The WAU Department of Zoology and the Institute for Animal Husbandry and Health (ID) in Lelystad will have to merge in the future. Director Wensing of the ID research institute is in favour of this merger, so that choices in scientific subjects can be made. Zoological applied and strategic research has to be concentrated in Lelystad, says Wensing, while Wageningen should specialise in education.
The departments of Agrarian Law and History are to start a course on International Administration for Dutch students and European students with a Tempus grant. The course is intended to improve the sensitivity of technical students to the institutional context in which their technologies are situated. International organisations like the EC and FAO, and Dutch companies that work abroad, are interested in technical students with institutional background.
The interrelations in Dutch families have changed dramatically over the past forty years. In the fifties, most families had a traditional composition: the man worked, his wife was responsible for the children, cooking and cleaning. This changed in the sixties and seventies, when women started to work outside the home and received earnings, and children began to get more respect at school and at home. Researchers at the WAU Department of Household Studies expected that this modernisation would lead to a situation where everyone has his or her own individual time schedule for work, food, spending money and friends within families, leaving no time for eating and shopping together. However, most families are still in the transitional phase: they combine traditional and modern life styles.